Road freight distribution by the use of heavy goods vehicles (HGV), smaller lorries and vans is by far the most widely used form of distributing freight in Wiltshire. Demand for this form of freight transport is growing with the increase in home deliveries and 'just in time' logistics.
Freight vehicles passing through the county are encouraged to use strategic routes such as the M4, A303, A350 7 the A34. Local freight routes direct vehicles between urban centres and are primarily ‘A’ roads and access routes deliver freight from the strategic routes to their destination.
Rail freight can provide distinct benefits over road based transport in terms of reduction in road congestion and environmental benefits. At present the majority of freight trains pass through Wiltshire but there is potential to transfer road based freight movements onto the rail network. Land has been set aside in Westbury to enhance the rail and freight services by creating a freight interchange.
Infrastructure enhancements are being made between Southampton & Nuneaton in the West Midlands to allow addition freight usage on the line. As part of this work, diversion routes will also be upgraded including Southampton and Basingstoke to Salisbury.